A waterfall is a place where water flows over a vertical drop in the course of a stream or river. Waterfalls also occur where meltwater drops over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf. (c)Wikipedia


Plunge: Water descends vertically, losing contact with the bedrock surface.


Examples: Omanawa Falls.


Horsetail: Descending water maintains some contact with bedrock.


Examples: Bowen Falls.


Cataract: A large, powerful waterfall.


Examples: Ariki Falls, Huka Falls, Okere Falls.



Multi-step: A series of waterfalls one after another of roughly the same size each with its own sunken plunge pool.


Examples: Kitekite Falls, Wentworth Falls.


Block: Water descends from a relatively wide stream or river.


Examples: Haruru Falls, Rere Falls.



Cascade: Water descends a series of rock steps.


Examples: Wairoa Falls, The Cascade Falls.


Segmented: Distinctly separate flows of water form as it descends.


Examples: Hays Creek Falls, Trident Creek Falls.



Curtain: Water descends from ledge, taller than it's wide but not a ribbon.


Examples: Rainbow Falls, Whangarei Falls, Mokoroa Falls.


Tiered: Water drops in a series of distinct steps or falls.


Examples: Tarawera Falls, Purakaunui Falls.


Punchbowl: Water descends in a constricted form and then spreads out in a wider pool.


Examples: Bridal Veil Falls, Taranaki Falls, Devil's Punchbowl Falls.


Fan: Water spreads horizontally as it descends while remaining in contact with bedrock.


Examples: Owharoa Falls, Marokopa Falls.




Glacier: Water descends a series of waterfalls from a glacier.


Examples: Rob Roy Falls, Mueller Glacier Falls.


Ribbon: Water descends in a narrow strip much taller than it's wide.


Examples: Fox Glacier Waterfalls, Camera Flat Falls.





The article is based on Wikipedia.