A waterfall is a place where water flows over a vertical drop in the course of a stream or river. Waterfalls also occur where meltwater drops over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf. (c)Wikipedia

 

Plunge: Water descends vertically, losing contact with the bedrock surface.

 

Examples: Omanawa Falls.

 
 

Horsetail: Descending water maintains some contact with bedrock.

 

Examples: Bowen Falls.

 

Cataract: A large, powerful waterfall.

 

Examples: Ariki Falls, Huka Falls, Okere Falls.

 
 

 

Multi-step: A series of waterfalls one after another of roughly the same size each with its own sunken plunge pool.

 

Examples: Kitekite Falls, Wentworth Falls.

 

Block: Water descends from a relatively wide stream or river.

 

Examples: Haruru Falls, Rere Falls.

 

 

Cascade: Water descends a series of rock steps.

 

Examples: Wairoa Falls, The Cascade Falls.

 

Segmented: Distinctly separate flows of water form as it descends.

 

Examples: Hays Creek Falls, Trident Creek Falls.

 

 
 

Curtain: Water descends from ledge, taller than it's wide but not a ribbon.

 

Examples: Rainbow Falls, Whangarei Falls, Mokoroa Falls.

 

Tiered: Water drops in a series of distinct steps or falls.

 

Examples: Tarawera Falls, Purakaunui Falls.

 
 
 

Punchbowl: Water descends in a constricted form and then spreads out in a wider pool.

 

Examples: Bridal Veil Falls, Taranaki Falls, Devil's Punchbowl Falls.

 

Fan: Water spreads horizontally as it descends while remaining in contact with bedrock.

 

Examples: Owharoa Falls, Marokopa Falls.

 

 

 
 

Glacier: Water descends a series of waterfalls from a glacier.

 

Examples: Rob Roy Falls, Mueller Glacier Falls.

 

Ribbon: Water descends in a narrow strip much taller than it's wide.

 

Examples: Fox Glacier Waterfalls, Camera Flat Falls.

 

 

 


 

The article is based on Wikipedia.